Given the different areas of interest of the two parts of the evaluation, their respective methods also differ.
Part one follows the approach of a strategy evaluation. It conducts an empirical comparison between the positions, objectives and areas of action contained in the human rights strategy paper and the guideline (the intended strategy), and their actual implementation by the actors involved (the executed strategy). It then seeks to explain possible discrepancies between the two.
For this purpose, qualitative interviews were conducted with the actors responsible for implementing specific fields of action. For particularly important fields of action, specific additional methods were applied. These include a survey of human rights institutions in partner countries, content analyses of project documents, expert interviews, and portfolio and allocation analyses.
The starting point for investigating the effectiveness of the German HRBA in part two of the evaluation will be a so-called programme theory. A programme theory sets out how one or more interventions should contribute towards objectives and results. Given the high degree of complexity of the programme theory to be investigated, the evaluation will methodologically rely on approaches that empirically 'track' and verify individual steps of results chains. One example of such an approach is that of process tracing.
The data for part two of the evaluation will be collected in case studies in the partner countries. Where appropriate, quantitative secondary data will also be used. The final design and the methods used will be determined during the inception phase of this part of the evaluation.