According to the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR), at the end of 2019 the number of forcibly displaced persons was 79.5 million. Twenty-six million of them had been forced to flee their homes by conflicts or serious human rights violations, 6.6 million of these from Syria alone. Most of the latter were received by communities in the neighbouring countries, above all Turkey, Lebanon and Jordan.
To offer these refugees prospects beyond their situation of acute need, and give the vulnerable population in the receiving countries an opportunity to generate income, in early 2016 the German Government launched the 'Partnership for Prospects in the Middle East'. This includes cash-for-work projects that create short-term jobs and income-generating opportunities, and the payment of salaries for teachers to teach Syrian child refugees. A further component added recently involves interventions for vocational training and the promotion of business start-ups.
Taking the Partnership for Prospects in the Middle East as an example, DEval is investigating how short-term assistance and development cooperation can be effectively combined. It aims to determine which interventions and instruments are suitable for mitigating the effects of crises on both refugees and the host communities, and for improving people’s lives sustainably.