More and more German development programmes and projects are implemented in fragile contexts. This refers to circumstances where the state monopoly on violence is not reliably upheld and the state is not in a position to provide basic social services. Frequently these are countries affected by conflicts, the consequences of which often affect women especially severely.
At the same time, women are known to play a decisive role in conflict prevention and in peacebuilding. To protect the rights of women and to include them equally in peace negotiations and conflict resolution are therefore essential goals of UN Resolution 1325, which was adopted by the United Nations Security Council on 31 October 2000. The German Federal Government has translated these goals into national strategies.
Gender mainstreaming is the integration of a gender perspective into all development policy strategies and projects. It enables German development cooperation to consistently take account of the gender aspects specific to each context it works in. With this in mind, the question that arises is to what extent gender mainstreaming within German development cooperation in post-conflict contexts results in the delivery of activities that contribute to gender equality, and hence also to more peaceful and inclusive societies. To answer this question, DEval analysed 47 projects carried out by German official development cooperation in 11 post-conflict contexts.
The question was addressed in terms of two dimensions:
- the process dimension, meaning the level of planning and activities
- the outcome dimension, meaning the level of project effects