By signing the Global Compact for Safe, Orderly and Regular Migration (Global Compact on Migration, GCM[JL1] ), the German Federal Government has committed to “cooperate in facilitating safe and dignified return and readmission, as well as sustainable reintegration” (GCM 2018, Objective 21). Reintegration is found to be sustainable when returnees have reached levels of economic self-sufficiency, social stability within their communities, and psychosocial well-being (IOM 2019).
Since 2017, the BMZ has significantly expanded its support for voluntary return and reintegration for migrants living in Germany but without a right to stay or prospects of permanent residence. The goal is to connect return and development policies in a co-departmental manner. To this end, the aim was to promote development policy options for safe, orderly, and regular migration while reducing the negative impacts of migration in line with the Global Compact on Migration. The advice centres for jobs, migration, and reintegration in the countries of origin play a major role in this endeavour. In the context of effective reintegration of returnees, the measures implemented in Germany with the aim of preparing and carrying out departures are also of great importance.