REDD+ (Reducing emissions from deforestation and forest degradation and the role of conservation, sustainable management of forests and enhancement of forest carbon stocks in developing countries) is an approach to forest conservation and environmental protection developed by the international community under the umbrella of the United Nations. The objective of REDD+ is to reduce the net emissions of greenhouse gas emissions from deforestation and forest degradation and to encourage reforestation and sustainable forest management in countries with low and medium incomes. The REDD+ approach is based on rewarding governments for verifiable emission reductions. Reforestation and sustainable forest management are key components of the contribution to increasing forest biomass and reducing emissions.
The German Federal Government has made a long-term commitment to the international protection and conservation of forests and is one of the leading donors in this area. Currently, the Ministry of Development provides more than EUR 1.4 billion to over 240 forest initiatives in more than 30 countries and 10 regions in the form of financial and technical support. Between 2008 and 2014, EUR 750 million of this was provided to bilateral and multilateral REDD+ initiatives, including the REDD Early Movers (REM) programme, which rewards pioneering countries for their independent initiative in reducing the effects of climate change and maintaining forests. At multilateral level, Germany has contributed EUR 160 million to the Forest Carbon Partnership Facility (FCPF), in particular to its trust funds made up of multiple donors: the Readiness Fund and the Carbon Fund.
Although REDD+ activities are a key instrument for climate protection, the effects of REDD+ are controversial. Against the backdrop of strategic relevance, the question arises regarding the significance and effectiveness of this instrument, to which German development cooperation also makes a key contribution.
Although there have been an increasing number of well-founded evaluations and studies on REDD+, no overall analysis of the German contribution has been performed. DEval is evaluating the existing findings regarding the significance and effectiveness of the German contribution to REDD+ in a synthesis study.