German Institute for Development Evaluation

Supporting gender equality in post-conflict contexts


Many of the partner countries of German development cooperation (DC) are affected by conflict. UN Resolution 1325 and subsequent relevant resolutions underline the role of women in building peace and preventing conflict, and highlight the relevance of gender-sensitive approaches and of protecting women’s rights in post-conflict contexts. These requirements have been translated into national strategies by the German Government. For the German Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development (BMZ), a key strategy in this context is the inter-ministerial national action plan for implementation of the UN Resolution (NAP 1325). ‘Armed conflicts, peacekeeping and displacement’ is also addressed as a sector-specific issue in the Development Policy Action Plan on Gender Equality 2016–2020 and, conversely, gender equality plays a role in BMZ’s Strategy Paper on Development for Peace and Security.


Insufficient information is available on the extent to which official German DC is successfully meeting its objective of taking into account gender perspectives in all projects in fragile and conflict contexts and designing measures in a gender-sensitive manner. The evaluation therefore sets out to examine this and, on the basis of its findings, trigger learning processes in the policy environment. The findings of the evaluation will also be used for the purposes of BMZ accountability for the gender-sensitive design of German DC measures in post-conflict contexts. At the same time, the evaluation will seek to provide BMZ with information to facilitate policy-making in this field. It will therefore also investigate the extent to which BMZ has put in place appropriate processes, instruments and mechanisms to support consideration of the interactions, synergies and conflicting interests of the objectives of ‘gender equality’ and ‘peacebuilding’ in the context of German DC.

Methodological approach and evaluation process

The evaluation will begin by looking at the extent to which the linking of support for gender equality and peace is anchored, justified and supported in the requirements for official bilateral DC for post-conflict countries.

Based on BMZ’s strategies, the evaluation will also examine the extent to which the development objectives of ‘gender equality’ and ‘peacebuilding’ are taken into account within the context and interlinked in country strategy development processes and programme design. In doing so, it will aim to identify which factors are particularly conducive or detrimental to consideration of the complex interactions of gender and conflict aspects, and how such consideration can potentially be anchored even more sustainably in processes. Data will be collected from BMZ and implementing organisations in Germany as well as in selected partner countries of German DC that are classified as ‘post-conflict’. Based on country case studies, the evaluation will analyse German DC’s entire portfolio in the case study country, with a clear focus on gender and conflict. Of particular interest in this regard will be the interfaces between BMZ and implementing organisations. Using individual project case studies in the relevant countries, the evaluation will also selectively examine how the linking of the development objectives of ‘gender equality’ and ‘peacebuilding’ affects both the actual implementation of activities and, above all, the benefit of such activities for people living in post-conflict contexts.


May 2018 – April 2019: Drafting of evaluation concept and inception report

May – December 2019: Data collection and analysis

January – July 2020: Reporting

April 2021: Publication of evaluation report

As at: April 2019